Drummond Phlox is an annual flowering plant that can be used to decorate a site. Its Latin names - phlox drummondii and annual phlox are not without reason. "Phlox" in translation into Russian means "fire". Indeed, these bright flowers are unlikely to go unnoticed, attracting admiring glances. The historic homeland of Phlox Drummond is North America. He was brought to Europe by botanist Thomas Drummond. In honor of him, the plant got its name.
Phlox Drummond: description of the plant and the best varieties
This phlox is characterized by increased branching of sticky stems. Thanks to this, the plant has a lush and elegant look. The bushes are decorated with bright flowers exuding a pleasant aroma. Their color is diverse: violet, snow-white, pale pink, blue, purple, etc. petals. Different varieties can be monophonic and two-tone, and also differ in the shape of the petals and the pattern.
All garden varieties of Phlox Drummond can be divided into three large groups:
- Star: The numerous flowers of these plants have indented petals. The flowers are similar to small stars, the diameter of which does not exceed 2 cm.
- Dwarf: differ in the low height of the stems: their length is not more than 20 cm, and in some varieties even 15 cm.
- Tetraploid: Their feature is very large flowers with a diameter of approximately 4 cm, which makes the plant bright and attractive.
Drummond phlox is inferior to perennial brothers in the duration of flowering. It usually begins in late May or June, and ends in September. Depending on climatic conditions, these periods may be different.
How to Sow Drummond Phlox Seedling Seeds
Phlox Drummond mix: popular varietal mixes
Among flower growers, the following varieties of Phlox Drummond are popular, which often used in varietal mixes Mix to decorate the site:
Series or grade name
A series of bushy phlox flowers with a peephole in the center. Coloring - diverse: a combination of white with shades of blue, red, pink. They are highly resistant to drought and high temperatures, so they are recommended to be grown in regions with hot summers.
A short plant (the height of the stems does not exceed 20 cm), decorated with small double flowers. Petals are painted in a pale peach shade.
These are high phloxes (about 50 cm) with flowers in the shape of stars, for which the variety got its name. Resistant to low temperatures, but does not tolerate dimming, so it should be planted in a sunny place
Tetraploid variety. Its main advantage is large flowers up to 4 cm in diameter. Coloring can be varied.
A series of compact Drummond phloxes from 15 to 20 cm high. A feature of this series is a white “eye” in the middle of star-shaped flowers. The shade of the background can be varied: from pink to burgundy
These are not all varieties and hybrids of Phlox Drummond. Today on sale you can find a wide variety of options for height, shape and color of flowers. And this collection is regularly updated thanks to selection.
Annual Phlox Flowers: Planting and Care
In order for phlox to please with bright and long flowering, it is necessary to ensure the correct planting and care of plants. No difficulties should arise. The rules are simple and understandable to every grower, and the result of their observance will exceed all expectations.
Selection and preparation of a landing site
For Phlox Drummond, it is important to choose the right place on the site. This will ensure active growth and abundant flowering.
It must be remembered that the plant perfectly tolerates high temperatures, ultraviolet and temporary lack of moisture, so a sunny space open to the rays is suitable for it.
Drummond Phlox responds well to temperature drops. The first autumn frost only harms flower petals, while the stems and foliage remain intact. therefore flowering of this plant continues until constant minus temperatures occur at night. Usually this is the middle and end of September.
When choosing a place to plant, it is very important to pay attention to two factors that can not only harm flowering, but also lead to the death of Phlox Drummond:
- Too heavy or, conversely, light soil (loamy, sandy and sandy). In the first case, the dense structure of the soil leads to the accumulation of water in it. As a result, phlox roots are affected by various types of rot. This can cause the death of the flower. In the second case, the soil, due to its structure, is not able to retain moisture in the required amount, and during the hot summer the plant feels uncomfortable, although it is quite resistant to drought. Therefore, before planting Drummond phlox, if necessary, you can adjust the composition of the soil. Also, the plant "say thank you" for the introduction of humus or humus.
- When planting phlox, shady places with high humidity should be avoided. Otherwise, flowering may not occur at all.
It is better to choose a sunny and open location with fertile soil. Before planting, you need to dig the earth, choosing the roots of weeds. It is recommended to apply organic and mineral fertilizers intended for flowering plants. This will positively affect the appearance of Phlox Drummond, the quality and duration of its flowering.
Growing phlox Drummond from seeds
Drummond's annual phlox is grown from seeds. It is important that the planting material is healthy: not dry, without signs of rot or other diseases.
Usually seeds are planted in spring. Optimal time is the last decade of April or the beginning of May. For this, it is necessary to prepare shallow (2-3 cm) furrows, to spill them with water, to add organic or complex mineral fertilizers at will. Seeds are evenly sprinkled in them or planted in “nests” of 4 pieces at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. When several leaves appear at the seedlings, small phloxes will need to be arranged. To preserve the required amount of moisture in the grooves, it is recommended to protect them with covering material.
Some gardeners practice planting before winter. This allows the excellent frost resistance of Drummond phlox. The only danger is the possible onset of plus temperatures at the height of winter. If they persist for several days, then the plants can start to grow, and in this case, after the return of frost, die. To prevent this from happening, in warm weather the soil is covered with dense material: this will reduce the risk of thawing the soil under the influence of temperature and sunlight.
Typically, this method is used in areas with mild winters. After establishing a stable snow cover on the soil by pressing, make rows, plant seeds there (preferably 4 seeds in one nest) and sprinkle with chernozem, which must be stocked in advance. After that, a layer of snow is put on the landing site. Its thickness should be about 20 cm. In April, with the advent of heat, phloxes will grow.
How to dive phlox
How and when to plant seedlings
In order for Drummond phlox to please with early flowering in May, in early spring it is necessary to take care of seedlings, which quite simple to do at home:
- In March, containers with nutritious soil should be prepared, planted in rows in rows and sprinkled with earth, without pressing. Cover with polyethylene, creating the effect of a greenhouse, which must be aired daily. When the soil dries, it can be sprayed from the spray gun.
- When the first sprouts appear (and this usually happens after a week), the film is removed, and the container is placed in a well-lit place. In the future, it is necessary to ensure that the soil is sufficiently moistened.
- After the formation of two full-fledged sheets, you need to make a pick, and phlox to plant in separate pots. In April, they are taken outside during the day to adapt to the conditions.
- In May, you can plant seedlings in the ground when the frost has ended.
Usually, when Drummond's phlox is planted on a site, formed buds can already be seen on it. They will bloom very soon.
Watering and feeding
Excessive moisture and its lack will negatively affect the flowering of phlox. Therefore, watering should be moderate. Watering is necessary when the topsoil has dried out. Sometimes in hot weather the inflorescences can dry out - then they need to be carefully cut. This will give an impetus to the formation of new buds.
Phlox Drummond responds well to the application of nitrogen fertilizers. Also he "likes" complex mineral fertilizers and organic fertilizers. The use of these fertilizers is recommended with a 2-3 week interval from the moment of planting the plant in open ground. This contributes to the appearance of bright and lush inflorescences. Top dressing should be root so that the substances do not fall on the leaves and petals. Phlox Drummond loves and neat loosening of the soil.
Pest and disease protection
Like other garden plants, Drummond phlox can be affected by fungal, viral and bacterial diseases. In addition, they are often chosen by their pests: spider mites, aphids and others. To reduce the risk of all these problems, first of all, it is necessary to follow the rules for cultivation, especially avoiding waterlogging of the soil.
For prophylaxis, phloxes are sprayed with a "Bordeaux mixture" or with Epin. The latter increases the immunity of vegetation. Soil cultivation has also proven itself well.
It is important to regularly inspect phlox. If there are signs of disease or pest damage, measures should be taken using folk remedies or special chemicals.
Options for using phlox in landscape design
Drummond Phlox, thanks to its abundant and bright flowers, is able to decorate any area, allowing you to create attractive and original compositions in landscape design. Low-growing varieties are often used for decoration as a border of garden paths.
It is also well suited for group compositions. Phlox Drummond planted on various flower beds and flower beds, mixborders. Several plants will look spectacular when planted in a wide and deep pot or container. This allows you to decorate the gazebo, porch and even the balcony.
Types and varieties of phlox
Multi-colored inflorescences of Phlox Drummond will effectively decorate any area. Due to its resistance to drought and frost, this plant pleases the eye from May to September. To do this, it is enough to follow the simple rules for landing and caring for it.