Eucharis (from the Latin Eucharis) belongs to the genus of bulbous plants from the Amaryllis family and includes about twenty species. One bulb of eucharis is able to form several leaves of saturated green color, very dense and large, attractive oval shape. In addition to eucharis, clivia (Clivia) belongs to the Amaraliss family.
The plant is prone to vegetative propagation. In nature, rarely found alone. The standard diameter of the bulb Eucharis can vary between 2.5-5.5 cm. The leaves are wide, lanceolate. They are located on long and fairly thick petioles. The length of the leaves can reach 0.55 m with a width of 0.2 m. About two to four leaves are formed on the plant.
The flowering period of eucharis may vary depending on external conditions. Flowering with large white flowers (most often occurs in August − September). The flowers have a pleasant aroma and resemble daffodils that gather in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence. Peduncle height does not exceed 0.8 m. The fruit looks like a leathery three-membered box. The presence of beautiful flowering and ease of propagation make eucharis a very popular and popular decorative plant in indoor floriculture.
Eucharis can be propagated by both seeds and children. As a rule, children are used for planting. Unlike other indoor bulb crops, the mother bulb and the eucharis bush need division, as a result of which each part will have four or five bulbs. In this case, the root system is less injured, and the delenki are the easiest to take root and overgrow with children in a short time. Such delenki, subject to the rules of planting, enter the flowering phase in the year of planting.
The most optimal time for planting this flower culture is March. It is necessary to prepare a fairly spacious flower pot with good drainage holes. The landing technology is as follows:
- at the bottom of the flower pot, you need to fill up with quality drainage;
- over the drainage, you need to fill up loose and well-fertilized soil, consisting of a mixture of sheet soil, compost and coarse river sand;
- the bulb should be placed with a depth of not more than 5 cm.
How to transplant eucharis
After planting, the plant should be watered and placed in a warm place. A good result is the use of lower heating, in which the fastest and most active growth and development of the plant is observed. Eucharis is quite thermophilic and prefers a temperature not lower than 18 ° С. In conditions of insufficient temperature and excessive moisture, rotting of the bulb may occur.
An adult houseplant periodically needs a transplant. Experts recommend carrying out such an event at least once every three years. The optimal time for transplanting is the first decade of March, when the indoor flower still arrives at a dormant stage.
Transplanting is done in larger flower pots, which is due to the rapid growth rate. It is necessary to transplant very carefully, without damaging the leaves and root system of the plant.
Eucharis refers to unpretentious indoor plants that are undemanding to care and easily tolerate some errors. However, in order to maintain a healthy indoor culture and achieve beautiful flowering, The following growing rules must be observed:
- when choosing a location, it is recommended to give preference to bright, but rather diffused light;
- in the southern part of the room it is better not to place the indoor flowering plant, since direct sunlight negatively affects the appearance;
- when located on the southern windowsills in the afternoon, the leaves of the plant must be shaded to reduce the risk of serious burns;
Eucharis is a fairly thermophilic plant, so the temperature should be at the level of 18−20 ° С;
- irrigation should be moderate, using exclusively standing water at room temperature;
- at the stage of intensive growth, watering should be carried out two to three times a week, controlling the absence of stagnation of water;
- the plant needs top dressing at the intensive development phase, which should be carried out using liquid fertilizers with a low nitrogen content;
- in the early spring, before the onset of flowering, it is necessary to limit the regime of watering and feeding;
- all faded peduncles of Eucharis are subject to timely removal;
- in late autumn, the plant should be moved to a cooler place and monitor indoor air humidity.
In the summer, the plant should be taken out to the balcony, loggia or veranda. It is very important to remember that at temperatures below 8-10 ° C, an indoor plant can freeze and shed its leaves.
Pest and Disease Control
The presence of even very good immunity cannot always protect an Eucharis indoor plant from damage by pests such as thrips, scabies and spider mites. To protect against plant parasites, it is very important to use special systemic insecticides such as Actellik and Fitoverm. Besides, Eucharis may be affected by gray rot. Especially often, the disease occurs in conditions of high humidity and at low temperature conditions in the room.
Eucharis: growing and care
To cure the plant, it is necessary to adjust the regime of irrigation measures and carry out the treatment with a solution of Bordeaux fluid. Champion and Topaz also have good efficacy. In the presence of severely damaged areas, trimming to healthy tissue is carried out, followed by treatment with copper-containing preparations in the form of copper sulfate, Kuproksat and Oksikhoma. In order to increase immunity and improve indices of resistance to the main damaging factors, it is necessary to observe agricultural technology and timely conduct basic agricultural techniques.